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Nutrition for gastritis and heartburn

Nutrition for gastritis and heartburn

Extra acid in the stomach causes discomfort and can return to the oesophagus, resulting in heartburn and discomfort in the chest. Some foods are harder to digest and can worsen the symptoms. 
You should definitely avoid raw vegetables (cucumber, onion, radish, pepper) and salads should be prepared with lemon instead of vinegar. Sometimes extra fluids help dilute digestive juices, so a glass of wine can help as well.

Spiced foods (curry, chilli, pepper) causes heartburn, as does greasy or fried food, because they stimulate the excretion of acid. Strong teas and coffee impede digestion, especially if drank during the meal. Alcohol and unripe fruits rich in pectin have the same effect, and soft drinks cause bloating. Cheese, especially full-fatt, slows the digestion so it is not advisable late in the evening.

Pepper mint, coffe, alcohol, tomato sauce, senf, chocolate, smoking, late meals – all cause heartburn. You should avoid orange juice (citrus fruits cause the biggest problems).

If this condition affects you, you should avoid big meals. Eat small portions several times per day. Sour vegetables, vinegar, fried and greasy food, alcohol, coffee – all enhance the symptoms of heartburn. A handful of almonds eases the symptoms for a while.

Minerals can help fight heartburn! One spoon in a glass of water neutralizes the stomach acid. Calcium removes the acid successfully, so yoghurts with bacteria useful for digestion are recommended. Magnesium also removes extra acid, so you can drink water rich in magnesium. Zyncum is also very important.

Teas should be drank lukewarm and not hot (otherwise they enhance the symptoms). Basil helps with hearturn and gas. At home you can prepare a cup full of water, one spoon of anise, and one of honey, and drink this three times daily to reduce the acid in the stomach. You can also prepare one and a half litre of water with a spoon of cumin, and add anise and fennel for a better effect. You can also chew on fennel and cumin after each meal. 

Another great mix: clove, cinnamon, and ginger. Advisable dosage is three times per day.
Rosemary, sage, mint, fennel, estragon, and cumin also reduce symptoms of heartburn.
Before meal you should drink water with parsley, thistle, dandelion, with or without hop and balm, depending on your stress level. 
Add rosemary in your meal, watercress, and artichokes, because their bitterness enhances stimulation of the hormone gastrin. Anti-acidic foods are also apples, cabbage, carrots, olive oil, eggs, and parsley.

Balanced meals – proteins and complex carbohydrates can prevent nausea. Fibre intake from whole grains and cooked vegetables is very important. When fruits are considered, you should eat at least one banana per day. 

You shouldn’t drink more than one cup of water after meals, which should be eaten every four hours.

For reduced heartburn, you should exercise regularly, to keep your muscles toned. Yoga is a very good solution.