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Medical dictionary

Proximal

Proximal means closer to the reference point. For example, the knee is more proximal than the foot – it is closer to the trunk –...

Lasegue test

Lasegue test was named after French doctor of medicine Charles Lasègue (1816 - 1883). The patient is on his back with extended...

Flexion

Flexion means bending in the joint – for example, if you clench your fist, you flexed your fingers. Bending the knee is called knee flexion. Opposite...

Extension

Extension is a movement occurring in the joint – for example, straightening the leg from the flexed knee position is extension. Opposite would be flexion

Distal

Distal signifies the distance from reference point being compared. The foot is more distal from the knee, in reference to the trunk. Opposite would be proximal.

Anterior

Anterior signifies the front of the frontal plane, in reference to the observed object. Opposite would be posterior.

Adduction

Adduction is moving the extremity towards the central line, occurring in the joint. Opposite would be abduction

Abduction

Abduction is moving the extremity away from the central line, occurring in the joint. Opposite would be adduction

Posterior

Posterior means behind the object in the frontall plane. Opposite would be anterior.
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Proximal

Proximal means closer to the reference point. For example, the knee is more proximal than the foot – it is closer to the trunk –...